I have some facts to go on to the Policy:
Firstly, China used to have the "culture" that sons were more valued than daughters, such as for their work and strength. Thus, even if the law was there, it still did not stop people from having more children in hopes of getting a son.
Also, even though the policy was instilled, many families still got away from it and had more kids than just one or two. For instance, my mom's family has four kids, and each of the other families have at least three. So, that means the policy itself was unsuccessful in many ways in stopping child fertility, and therefore there should not have been the issue of the prior generation having a larger population than the following one.
Even though the policy existed the economy of China has still continued to grow tremendously. This proves that the policy does not really set huge limits on economical growth or how China becomes greater as an entire country.
And for the final document, China, like all other countries, has a lot of policies and rules on the aspect of reducing pollution, but just like all other countries, it always has a lot of rulebreakers. In the US, there are always a lot of smokers. In fact, smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S., causing over 438,000 deaths per year. Secondhand smoke is a serious health hazard for people of all ages, causing more than 41,000 deaths each year. Marijuana smoke contains many of the same toxins, irritants and carcinogens as tobacco smoke.
Does the US not have policies on "not smoking inside", or "not smoking in a car that has a child in it", et cetera? I argue that China is trying to reduce pollution, and the one-child policy may have helped the environment in spite of it seeming probable that other solutions could be found. The policy also belongs to that category in which it is a rule that can be broken.
By the way, Yang Shan, I really like your writing! I noticed that last time you were curious as to which state I live in currently. I wrote a process analysis hinting you to where I might be; if you're bored or just don't want to read it, I totally understand. I like sharing my writing, and being writers, I feel more like I should make this more "mysterious" and like a guessing game.
So, here it is. If you wanted to know my experience with pets, or how to take care and how not to take care of a pigeon, here it is in a nutshell:
These birds are a common sight for anyone who is familiar of the surroundings of Downtown Denver. Usually they’re doing something like pecking at something left on the ground or flying around squawking to each other.
I have seen pigeons since the time that I can remember. I chased after them, looked up at them, and even tried to imitate them.
Then suddenly one day there was a real pigeon in a box, outside the balcony door.
The pigeon had supposedly fallen out of its nest and laid there neglected on the ground for three days and nights, drenched by rain without any food and water, and kicked to the edge of the sidewalk.
We, meaning my mom and me, named him QiQi, which in Chinese means the character “miracle” put together two times. He was still a juvenile pigeon, about 20 days old. He also didn’t know how to fly yet.
Even though I cannot say that I am an expert on the subject of taking care of pigeons, I do know what not to do and, to some extent, what to do when they are in one’s care. I know this because I made quite a few mistakes and learned a lot of lessons from them.
Usually, for each part of caring for them, there are a few major mistakes that you may make. The first mistake that one may make is not knowing literally anything about the pigeon. For example, age is an aspect that seems very obvious, but some forget to check into it. Not knowing the age of the pigeon is problematic because it determines many other factors, such as its vulnerability to sickness, needed level of attention, and level of exercise each day. Gender is also relevant to knowing if the pigeon needs special treatment or if there is a chance that it could become pregnant. The body condition of the pigeon may play into role of signaling a call for special attention, or if it has a sickness, if it needs treatment.
Surprisingly, something that is usually forgotten is the feelings of the pigeon. Pigeons have feelings too. Just like humans, emotions such as anxiety, stress, fear, happiness, and irritability may result in the patterns of its behavior.
When I was caring for QiQi, I did remember to check his age and gender; furthermore, I checked into his feelings a lot. The one big aspect is that I completely forgot to check his body condition. After all, he had been outside for three days, and other than checking for external injuries, which I also knew literally nothing about and what they looked like, I looked at nothing else. The condition of the pigeon, if neglected, may play into role the other consequences resulting from other factors; some are as serious as the pigeon’s death.
Injuries and illnesses obviously and directly relate to the condition of the pigeon. Too bad that the proper standards for this is somewhere in the middle of the continuum, like some of the other ones. This means the opposite sides are both mistakes, leading up to the place where it’s done right.
Usually, some forget to check the pigeon for injuries and illnesses. They may think that after looking at the exterior, it’s all good. But I think they forget the pigeon isn’t hollow. It has an inside, which you can’t look at just from looking at it.
Or others check the pigeon so much, to no avail, that the pigeon has changes in behavior. A few examples are eating less, refusing to drink water, or in the case of baby pigeons, to die from stress. Of course, not eating and drinking enough can also be fatal if the behavior persists.
I was the kind who forgot to do research and somehow forgot that pigeons can be sick too. To me, QiQi seemed just fine, waddling around every time I let him out, eating, drinking, and even looking like he was going to start flying soon. But I was not a proper and good caretaker, forgetting to do something that is probably the most basic part of having this kind of bird to take care of.
Then, of course, the pigeon needs to eat. This is when the matter of knowing the condition matters. Giving pigeons the wrong type of food is detrimental to it. If you don’t evaluate the factors such as the age and body condition of the pigeon, you will probably get it wrong. For instance, feeding a newborn pigeon lettuce, nuts, and seeds probably isn’t the best choice. Actually, it is the worst thing you could give to such a small pigeon since it can’t really… grind the food itself.
Even if the type of food given is right, feeding it too much can also become a problem. The pigeon’s crop will harden, it may not digest the food properly, and you probably will continue overfeeding it, which can lead to health problems later on. If you don’t feed enough, pretty soon it is going to start squawking for you to feed it again, which is just a lot more work for both you and the bird, since you have to go around all day giving it food and it has to call out all day for you to feed it.
Usually, an aspect overlooked in this area is the way you are feeding the pigeon, which once again relates to the condition of the pigeon. It is generally okay to feed baby pigeons with a syringe, since you cannot really feed it the way a parent would—giving the pigeon from the mouth directly to it by fitting the pigeon’s beak into your mouth—which sounds both weird and gross, I presume. But one of the biggest mistakes made by amateur caretakers of pigeons is using a syringe to feed even adult pigeons. This may result in the pigeon refusing to eat, or depending on you to get the food in its mouth. Pigeons are supposed to know how to peck seeds from the ground and eat by itself. In other words, do not treat it as if it is always a baby (a mistake made by parents in this generation).
The same mistakes go with giving the pigeon water, with a few more. If the pigeon drinks too much water, it may aspirate. If it does not stay hydrated, it may lead to illnesses and/or death. Then there is how you are giving the water to the pigeon. Really small babies probably don’t know how to sip water by themselves, while adults usually do. Usually people forget to check if the pigeon knows how to drink by itself or not, and just assume it does or does not. This can lead to problems of all sorts. As an ideal example, the owners of a pigeon always use a syringe to squirt water into the baby’s mouth. When they go on long leave and cannot bring the pigeon along, they leave it at their house, leaving a large amount of water in a tray so the bird can drink by itself. The “only” problem is that they forget that the pigeon does not know how to drink water on its own. So, the pigeon dies a few days later from dehydration.
Such a situation is just one example of what could happen if you make mistakes on this highly relevant subject. In addition, if the quality of the water is not evaluated and safe to drink, the pigeon may have a high risk of developing illnesses from drinking it.
I do think that I gave QiQi the right type of food, such as vegetables, soft bird food, and crushed nuts. At least, it was a good start. One big aspect I did wrong was that even though I researched how to feed him, I had no idea what a “crop” was. So I just went ahead and assumed that I had fed enough (since I thought pigeons were like goldfish and they never know when to stop eating). Maybe part of the problem was that QiQi never called so I would go feed him.
Even though I used a syringe to feed him, I would have continued to do that even if he grew up. So, yes, I called myself an amateur caretaker. And I assumed that QiQi did not know how to drink and guessed the amount of water given each time. Thus, all of this just proves that making assumptions are one of the worst mistakes a pigeon caregiver can make. If you don’t know for sure, do not assume anything, even though it is oh-so-easy to do so.
Bedding and housing can be a pain. The mistakes that are possible to make have as broad of a range as a catalog. For one thing, some people detest the idea of keeping a wild animal in their house. However, sometimes this is unavoidable, especially if you are one that I am talking about and you live in a place where the climate is one that the pigeon will (likely) not survive in. Moreover, if the pigeon is still a baby, people treat it as an adult. Baby pigeons cannot regulate their own body temperatures, so therefore count on you to help maintain their proper body temperature. One method includes placing a heating pad, set at the proper temperature, under the baby’s bedding.
Even if the pigeon is fully grown, you still have to make major decisions that, unfortunately, may be mistaken. For instance, choosing the wrong material for the bedding can become problematic.
As for me, I placed QiQi outside, which was probably a bad idea to begin with, and put him in a box, which is just worse. I don’t think I put any other things to warm him, either.
Also, the pigeon needs to get proper amounts of exercise and movement every day. This is dependent upon its age and condition.
Then, the aspect that the people who disgust pigeons think of first when they hear the name of the bird; precisely, faeces, which is just a fancy name for poop, and disease. Diseases that can be passed from animals to humans are called zoonotic diseases, and those that you can get from pigeons include: Allergic Alveolitis (pigeon lung disease), Avian Tuberculosis, Avian Influenza, Cryptosporidiosis, New Castle Disease, and Salmonellosis. However, don’t let this list scare you off. Even though pigeons are called “rats with wings” because of their scavenging nature, this is only a common misconception. Keep in mind that pigeons have the same chance of spreading disease to you as other pets. Of course, you also should not just worry nothing about diseases, because certain precautions should be taken.
As for faeces, don’t overreact when you are cleaning them, but also do not handle it incorrectly and/or get exposed to it during long periods of time, which can lead to diseases such as histoplasmosis, psittacosis, and cryptococcosis.
For me, I do not recall ever thinking about subjects such as “diseases”, “dirty”, and such. Maybe it was because of inexperience; or maybe I just did not think towards that direction.
Inexperience was a large part of why I made so many mistakes while caring for QiQi, and also why I never gave up. However, as strained as my efforts were, they were all in vain at the end. QiQi passed away, even though I had tried my hardest. It was, of course, resulting from different reasons, but I felt like I was the one who had failed. I thought I was the one who had failed the pigeon that I had so quickly started to love and care about as a sort of friend, and now even that was gone.
I finally discovered that the largest lesson from taking care of a pigeon is not how to do it or how not to, but rather about responsibility and the measure of it. While caring for a pigeon, one finds and develops a sense of responsibility and perhaps a measure of caring towards it. However, what you ultimately take away from the experience is to never give up, but also being prepared for unexpected possibilities.
This lesson also correlates to, ultimately, life itself.